Physical: Your child will have the confidence to move freely. As they consider themselves a big boy or a big girl, they will express the need to do everything themselves and at their own pace. It is important for parents to be present in their development as they are not aware of when to stop or the many dangers around them. Explain different scenarios for them to begin understanding safety and limits.
Fine Motor Skills: The toddler will enjoy any toy tool or construction set as they attempt screwing and unscrewing, hammering and taking things apart. They also like activity boards or toys that include velcro to do and undo, zippers, buttons, bead to string and keys to turn. Your child will master self feeding and enjoy choosing what they want to eat. As they are able to make their own decisions, the toddler will attempt and sometimes achieve to take off articles of clothing: sweater, shoes, hat. They begin to use child scissors. When trying to draw circles, dots, lines and coloring, parents may see how the little one begins to use one hand more than the other. At this point, you cannot determine if the child is going to be right or left handed. The towers that your child builds with construction blocks are taller and taller (up to 9 blocks) - their imagination and cognitive development leads them to place larger items on the bottom to stabilize the tower.
Gross Motor Skills: The child will begin or master running, jumping, climbing, rolling. Building a simple obstacle course may keep the toddler entertained for a while. Parents can include small slides, stairs and large blocks to skip. They will now have the coordination and balance to run and stop when they want to, walk down the stairs by putting both feet on the step, cross tunnels, pick up objects by bending down and get better at catching a moving ball. The toddler may attempt to use the pedals in a tricycle and balance on one foot. They have the discipline and independence to sit on a child size chair. Parents should continuously show them how to get on and off the chair until they are comfortable to do it on their own. Continue to have as much outdoor time as possible, this will influence the exercise habit of your child without forcing them to work out. In rainy days, take the fun indoors: play music and dance to the beat, jump or play hide and seek. Use your imagination and provide them a fun and learning environment.