Physical: Some consider the child to become a toddler when they can walk unassisted and have some independence. Medically speaking, your child is considered a toddler once they turn one. Therefore, we will use that consideration. Parents and caregivers should get down on the floor with the child to help them feel secure while being mobile. Having the freedom to move around will improve their muscle strength in legs, arms, torso, neck and core to help them stand, walk and run.
Fine Motor Skill: The wrist mobility, hand coordination and advanced pincer grasp let the child drink and eat on their own, scribble on paper, vertically align construction blocks (build a tower with 4-6 blocks), place small objects inside containers, use pegs, insert rings on a stick and turn a page of a book. The toddler may start to find pouring and scooping interesting; try it out with water, beans, pasta, rice or something harmless and edible. Their sensory [sight] development along with eye-hand coordination helps them organize objects from small to large (or large to small), pull off their socks (or try to) and turn door handles.
Gross Motor Skills: The child is more independent and mobile as they have strengthened the control over their legs and feet. They will be crawling, cruising, walking, kneeling or somewhere in between. The baby may stand without support and move along furniture- holding at the beginning but gradually building confidence to let go. Some children will take their first steps, others need a little more time to improve coordination and balance. Let the baby climb over you or if you choose to, parents may also build a baby appropriate obstacle with pillows, boxes, foam blocks and cushions. The child is now able to see a rolling ball and will try to catch it, this will be a fun activity that promotes physical and emotional (bonding time) development.