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Cognitive 3-5 Years

Cognitive: Your little one is not so little anymore. Between the ages of 3-5, your kid is considered a preschooler. They are able to express themselves, make their own choices, have their own friends, try to come up with solutions to their own problems. Between 4-5 years, your child will go from memorizing letters of the alphabet to recognizing them. They will be naming them and some preschoolers can identify an object starting with each letter. This is the easiest way for your kid to start reading and most importantly, have fun with it. Same scenario applies to the numbers 0-20 [by the age of 5]. After calling them out loud, singing number songs and playing around with numbers, their critical thinking will kick in and they will understand the meaning of numbers. Your child will be able to start counting using objects or fingers, helping them to distinguish numbers. Your preschooler starts to have a basic perception of volume, weight, quantity and height. These concepts are essential for math, geometry and physics in the future. At this age, your child is aware of the life around him: routines, choices, tastes, responsibilities, lifestyles. They will also learn how to read a clock, understand time within a day and what it represents (eg. bedtime, super time).

Sensory: Your kid will differentiate a girl from a boy. They are able to identify and name shapes: circle, triangle, square **also helping with language development. They will begin exploring numbers and shapes by touch and sight. Eventually, they will analyze what they mean and how they make a difference in counting or reading. Through listening, your child distinguishes similar word sound and try to make up their own. At 3 years old, your preschooler will be memorizing letters, singing the alphabet song and learning their sounds. They will then use their cognitive development to analyze each one. The same development applies for numbers, as mentioned in the cognitive section above. Your preschooler will memorize numbers by playing around with them, singing along to number songs until he start distinguishing them and finally counting.

Creativity: Once your kid becomes a preschooler, the aptitude of their creativity and imagination is due to the interaction they have had with different environments. Their creativity will be exposed through different tools parents, caregivers and schools provide. You may offer them paints, crayons, markers and colors with no further instructions- allowing them to create their own artwork . Parents may also expose them to clay, playdough and crafts for them to have limitless choices on what to create. Blocks will incentive your kid to find different ways of using them and building different objects. The level of difficulty in the objects will increase with age and maturity. If you have exposed your preschooler to music, they might be making up dances, songs and rhythms. The key of creativity is for parents to ‘let kids be kids’. Keep in mind that creativity and imagination will help kids with math problems, critical thinking, problem solving, self expression and many other future developments.