Cognitive 1-2 Years

Cognitive: Between 12-24 months, your child gains independence and becomes a toddler. They will be mobile, will start talking, will be eating on their own and continue to shape their taste and personality. You can help your kid with their learning development, creativity and problem solving skills by offering open-ended toys and encouraging to think about their daily concerns/questions; eg. Why does the baby cry?

Playing peek-a-boo or hiding toys under the blankets with your baby will help develop object permanence. Between 8-18 months, your child will realize that even though they cannot see an object, it still exists Object permanence not only helps the toddler with finding toys/objects, leaving toys to play with later but also with overcome separation anxiety. They will understand that when you leave them at daycare, you are not gone forever- you will be coming back! 

Sensory: Eye-hand coordination refers to the ability to perceive space, movement, objects within them and the use of sight to guide the hand to perform a task. This is part of their sensory development, however, it directly affects their fine and gross motor skills  

Eye-hand coordination improves to the point that your child can catch a ball and throw it back. They will master cause and effect by analyzing the banging, pushing, twisting and pulling of objects. They become experts in determining similar shapes, colors and matching them together. Your toddler will be imitating people around- be mindful of your actions, tone of voice and words. Explain simple tasks, eg: this is how you sweep the floor. Soon after, they will be helping you out with chores. Slowly, the child will start to come out of their oral stage (putting everything in their mouth) and they will be able to play with smaller items.

Creativity: Imagination and creativity are two of the most amazing stages of child development. Your toddler is not aware of any limitations; thus, inspire them to think, explore, discover and originate as a child to help build a better world. Drawing, coloring (trying), painting, and sculpting with playdough are some of the most common activities to encourage creativity. However, your toddler may also choose to dance, tell stories, make up songs, build with construction blocks, build sand castles, etc. In reality, just letting them discover and play in different environments will help them develop their creative side.